carnatic music

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Carnatic music:

Source : 2nd century AD silappadhikaram , tolkappiyam,  kalladam

Persons : Purandharasa(Pitamaha (the father or grandfather) of Carnatic music ) Tallapakam, Annamacharya, Naryana Tirtha, Bhadrachalam Ramdasa, Kshetranja

                           The birth of the musical trinity- Thyagraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar & Shyama  sastry– at Tiruvai between the years 1750-1850 A.D.

Terminology :

  1. Sruti :  Śruti commonly refers to musical pitch
  2. Swara :  Swara refers to a type of musical sound that is a single note, which defines a relative (higher or lower) position of a note, rather than a defined frequency
  3. Raga system :  A raga in Carnatic music prescribes a set of rules for building a melody – very similar to the Western concept of mode.
  4. Tala system :  Tala refers to a fixed time cycle or metre, set for a particular composition, which is built from groupings of beats
  5. Varnam :  Varnams are short metric pieces which encapsulate the main features and requirements of a raga.
  6. Kriti :  Carnatic songs (kritis) are varied in structure and style, but generally consist of three units:
  7. Pallavi. This is the equivalent of a refrain in Western music, with 1 or 2 lines.
  8. Anupallavi. This is the second verse, also as 2 lines.
  9. Charana. The final (and longest) verse that wraps up the song.
  10. Javali- composition belonging to sphere of the height of classical music. Sung both in concert programmes & dance concerts, the Javalis are popular because of the attractive modules in which they are composed; in contrast to the padas which portray divine love, javalis are songs which are sensuous in concept & spirit.
  11. Tillana- The Tillana, corresponding to the Tarana of Hindustani Music, is a short & crisp form, but on account of its brisk & attractive music, it sometimes finds in        music concerts as a conclusion piece.

 

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